The term trademark denotes any sign, such as words, names of people or designs, letters, numbers, colours, the shape of products or their packaging, and sounds, designed to distinguish the goods and/or services of one person or company from those of others.
Most trademarks consisting of letters and/or numbers can also be registered as domain names. However, ownership of a trademark does not automatically confer ownership of the corresponding domain name.
Geographical indications and designations of origin can be used to protect a product or products originating from a specific country, region or locality when the quality, reputation...
designs and models
Sometimes the value of a product doesn’t lie in its technical characteristics themselves so much as in its appearance – and the added value deriving therefrom – in the eyes of the consumer.
Invention patents protect the technical and technological aspects of a product or a process that possesses novelty, inventiveness, and industrial applicability and reproducibility.
A utility model protects a technological innovation consisting of conformations, arrangements, configurations or combinations of new and more effective parts and/or a more convenient application or use of an industrial product.
Industrial property rights are granted for new plant varieties to the plant breeder, i.e. the person who created or discovered and developed the new variety.
of semiconductor products
Exclusive rights can be granted for topographies resulting from the creative intellectual effort of their author and are not common or familiar in the semiconductor products industry.
Business information and industrial technical activities - including commercial ones - that are subject to a legitimate control by the holder can be protected.
Authors’ rights automatically exist upon the creation of any type of work that contains a minimum degree of creativity.